Industrial coal demand in China: a provincial analysis

Authors: Cattaneo C., Manera M., Scarpa E.

Journal: Resource and Energy Economics

Publisher: Elsevier

Year: 2011

Volume: 33

Pages: 12-35

Keywords: Energy demand in China, Coal demand in China, Chinese provinces, Panel data, Spatial econometrics, Forecasting

JEL: C23, E6, Q31, Q41




The general concern on the environmental implications of the rising demand for coal registered in China during the last few years has induced considerable research effort to produce accurate forecasts of China's energy requirements. Nevertheless, no previous study has modelled the coal demand in China at provincial level. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we estimate and forecast the Chinese demand for coal using panel data disaggregated by provinces and accounting for spatial heterogeneity. Second, given the spatial nature of the data, we explicitly capture the spatial autocorrelation among provinces using spatial econometrics. In particular, we specify the Chinese industrial coal demand at provincial level with fixed-effect spatial models. The empirical results show that the fixed-effect spatial ADL model is able to capture the existing interdependence between provinces. This model forecasts an average annual increase in coal demand to 2010 of nearly 2%.